Oscar Fitzalan Long
Oscar Fitzalan Long was born on June 16, 1852, in Utica, New York. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in the class of 1876 and was assigned to the 5th U.S. Infantry. Long served in the Army until 1904, mostly in the American West.
During the campaign against Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce on September 30, 1877, Second Lieutenant Oscar Long was one of nine men who received the Medal of Honor for valor at the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain. His citation reads, “Having been directed to order a troop of cavalry to advance, and finding both its officers killed, he voluntarily assumed command, and under a heavy fire from the Indians advanced the troop to its proper position.” The medal was awarded on March 22, 1895.
After retiring as a brigadier general in 1904, Long moved to Oakland, California, and became a businessman.
Oscar F. Long signed his SAR application on August 1, 1895. His SAR National number is 7033. He was a member of the District of Columbia SAR. His D.C. Society number is 533. His SAR patriot ancestor is Cornelius Mabrie of Rotterdam, New York, First Lieutenant, Captain John Van Patten’s Company, Colonel Abraham Wemple’s New York Regiment.
A collection of Long’s papers are on file with the University of California at Berkley. These include correspondence, Army orders, maps, and manuscripts of military pamphlets that relate to Long’s army career, especially to battles with the Montana Indians of the Yellowstone District from 1877 to 1878, and to his work in the Quartermaster Department. Brigadier General Oscar F. Long died on December 23, 1928, at age seventy-six and is buried at Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, California.