James Earl Carter, Jr.
James Earl “Jimmy” Carter Jr. served one term as the thirty-ninth president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was born in Plains, Georgia, on October 1, 1924. Carter attended Georgia Tech and Georgia Southwestern State University before receiving an appointment to the United States Naval Academy where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics in 1946 and is the only graduate of the Naval Academy to become a U.S president. Carter finished a high fifty-ninth out of his Academy class of eight hundred twenty. He served on surface warfare ships and qualified for diesel-electric submarines. He is the only U.S. president to qualify in submarines.
Upon the death of his father in 1953, Carter resigned his commission and returned home to take over and expand his family business in Plains. He served two terms in the Georgia Senate and as the seventy-sixth governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975. As governor, he campaigned and won the election to become the thirty-ninth president of the United States.
President Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his work “to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development” through the Carter Center. He was the third U.S. president, alongside Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, to be awarded the Nobel Prize.
President Carter’s SAR Revolutionary War ancestor was Perry Scott, who served as a private in Captain Allen McLane’s Company of the Delaware Militia. President Carter is a member of the Georgia SAR. He was presented his SAR membership certificate in 1990. In 1996, Carter was presented the SAR Gold Good Citizenship Medal.
The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum is located in Atlanta, Georgia. It houses President Carter’s papers and other material relating to his administration and his life. The library also hosts special exhibits such as one covering the United States Bill of Rights and Carter’s Nobel Peace Prize.